Central Europe

HUNGARY: Territorial trends and development potentials in the Danube region

The messages of territorial analyses of ESPON 2013 programme for the development of Central Danube Region, especially for Hungary, Serbia and Croatia. Hungarian national event took place on November 6, 2014.

ESPON Territorial trends and development potentials in the Danube region, 6th November 2014

The messages of territorial analyses of ESPON 2013 programme for the development of Central Danube Region, especially for Hungary, Serbia and Croatia

ESPON on the road national event

The Office for National Economic Planning organised a national event „ESPON Territorial trends and development potentials in the Danube regionThe messages of territorial analyses of ESPON 2013 programme for the development of Central Danube Region, especially for Hungary, Serbia and Croatia” in the framework of ESPON on the road project on 6th of November 2014 in Budapest in the building of the Ministry for National Economy (H-1051 József nádor tér Budapest 2-4) between 9:30 and 16:00.

On one hand the event addressed the representatives of counties and cities who are the main actors of territorial planning and recently introduced decentralised territorial developments in the 2014-2020 development period.  The ESPON results can support the work of the new actors involved in the implementation of these developments. As the most important actors of territorial development they might also be involved in the Danube transnational programme (DTP). On the other hand as new target groups the Hungarian event were the actors of implementation of DTP so the Hungarian Monitoring Committee member and the future contact point of Danube programme. The representatives of the neighbouring Serbia and Croatia were also addressed in order to support their participation in the ESPON programme.

Messages:

  • The event intended to support the relation between the national development policy and the European Territorial Cooperation programmes. The Partnership Agreement (HU PA) is the most important document including the main developments for the 2014-2020 development period in Hungary. HU PA contains decentralized territorial developments (developments at level of counties and major cities) and other centrally coordinated targeted territorial interventions. Furthermore, horizontal aims of sectorial developments represent also territorial dimension being possibly able to be related to current and future ESPON results.
  • ESPON programme has contributed to examine the effects of the crisis with different researches. The ECR2 project has measured the effects through the decrease of employment inter alia. Based on this it can be stated that the Danube member states’ exposition to the crisis was significant, since in 2009 and 2010 almost all the member states suffered from the decrease of employment (except the concerned German provinces in 2010). Due their outstanding role in economy and society cities were in the focus of the research projects of current ESPON programme period. As a result of the SGPTD project focusing on the secondary cities it was presented that Győr overtook Budapest in terms of GDP growth between 2007 and 2011. The examination of the growth rate between 2000 and 2011 by types of cities shows that Danube countries (except Germany) belongs to the same group of the former socialist countries in terms of growth, where capitals are dominating (the case of Hungary and Budapest can be especially highlighted).
  • The Hungarian project partner of TIPSE project presents that in Eastern-Central Europe and in Danube-Region Area the average poverty rate is higher than the European average. It is measurable that the inactivity rate is higher than the average, mainly in the former socialist countries. In the area there are multiply disadvantaged micro-regions, the rate of the Roma population is high and furthermore the area is definitely not a migration target area, except Austria and Germany.
  • The results of ET2050 project was also presented by the Hungarian project partner, especially related to the Danube region area. The most important patterns are the followings as headlines: ageing and migrating population, polarized economic development path and further lag compared to Western Europe, slowing economic development, further existing energy- dependency, weak innovation potential, rural poverty, limited suburbanization, the increase of disparities between urban areas and peripheries, low CO2 emission, growing centralization, etc. Related to the Danube-Region a SWOT table was shown.
  • By presenting the Croatian, Serbian and Hungarian territorial trends several themes can be identified which might common research and/or cooperation themes such as water protection, ecological corridors, transport networks including Danube waterway, energy self-sufficiency, brownfield developments and areas lagging behind and having higher rate of Roma population.
  • ESPON on the road inspired some new intentions on the future work of Hungarian national contact point: a more close cooperation with sectorial and county level planners, a territorially more decentralised network building with the contribution of universities and research institutes, involving relevant professional communities speaking in Hungarian and living out of the borders in order to get ESPON messages reach them in more efficient way, cooperating with professionals and institutes in new EU members states and pre-accession countries along the Hungarian border.

 

Additional information for internal purposes:

  • The event aimed at creating synergy between the ESPON interregional programme and the Danube transnational cooperation programme by exploring the potential cooperation areas to be implemented in the Danube programme. The European Territorial cooperation programmes address the same themes in many cases. Creating synergy among the cooperation programmes during the ESPON 2013 programme was addressed by both projects and events. The Hungarian event intended to continue this tradition by involving a new transnational cooperation programme as new target group.
  • The ESPON on the road project intended to support the involvement of Croatia into the ESPON programme as new EU and ESPON member state. The involvement was originally planned in the framework of the project as partner but due to administrative reasons this kind of the cooperation was not possible. The Hungarian contact point invited the future Croatian Monitoring Committee member and the Institute to be nominated as Croatian contact point to this event. The Croatian and Hungarian contact point have got to know each other and they decided to continue the common work in the future.
  • The ESPON programme has put more emphasis on establishing closer contact with countries outside of the ESPON space and extends the comparable results. In accordance with this effort the Hungarian contact point contributed to bring closer the programme results to the neighbouring Serbia. The invited Republic Agency for Spatial Planning in Serbia expressed the interest of cooperation towards the ESPON programme. The will welcome the cooperation in data bases in order Serbia have more reliable data and the country appears at the European maps.
  • The Hungarian contact point invited the EGTCs which include Hungarian partners but only one EGTC was present.
  • The event aimed to facilitate the discussion on the future cooperation and research areas for the two programmes however the timing might not be the best for that as no call for proposals are expected in the near future. So, therefore, just a low interest was shown for brainstorming with limited tangible considerations.

 

The presentation was given mostly in Hungarian. The invited presenters of the neighbouring countries gave an English presentation.

The details are available at the website of Office for National Economic Planning and Hungarian ESPON Contac Point. Event programme is available below.

Photo: "Parliament Building Budapest Hungary" by Ercsaba74. Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons

 
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