GetDefaultView()."
"; print "id: ".$id."
"; print "mgid: ".$mgid."
"; print "\$alias1=".$alias1."
"; print "\$alias2=".$alias2."
"; } // print "Show: \$subpage->GetMGID()=".$subpage->GetMGID()."
"; // $start=addslashes(((integer)$_GET['start']>0?(integer)$_GET['start']:0)); // print "
\"\"
"; // $parentAlias=$map->GetParentAliasByChildAlias($alias1); // $tmpParentTitle=$map->GetTitleByAlias($parentAlias); if ($show_title && $map->GetTitleDisplayMode() ) { $tmpAlias=$map->GetAlias(); $tmpId=$map->GetId(); $link=$common->MakeLink( array("did"=>$tmpId, "id"=>0, "start"=>0, "title"=>$tmpAlias ) ); if ($alias2==""){ // have child - get parent title $tmptitle=$map->GetTitle(); } else { $tmptitle=$map->GetTitle(); if ($id>0) { } else { // $tmptitle=$map->GetTitle(); } } $pagebreak=$map->GetPageBreakMode(); // "pagebreak_menu" || "" || "pagebreak_pages" $css_zmniejsz_odstep=(($pagebreak=="pagebreak_menu")?"header1_zmniejsz_odstep":""); print "
".$common->GetClearText($tmptitle)."
"; //

/* if ($alias2==""){ if ($id==0){ print "
".$map->GetTitle()."
"; //

} else { // show parents title bar print "
".$tmpParentTitle."
"; //

} } else { if ($id==""){ print "
".$map->GetTitle()."
"; //

} else { print "
".$map->GetTitle()."
"; //

} } */ } ?>

Typologies

For an effective policy development, policy makers take into account the specific characteristics of the different regions.

The ESPON Typologies provides support to understand specific types of territories.

A special ESPON project in conjunction with the Directorate-General for Regional and Urban Policy worked out nine regional typologies: urban-rural, metropolitan regions, border regions, islands regions, sparsely populated regions, outermost regions, mountainous regions, coastal regions and regions in industrial transition.

In addition, ESPON developed useful recommendations for a better understanding of specific types of territories in the European context.

The 9 regional typologies, which ongoing and future ESPON applied research projects and ESPON publications could make use of for analytical purposes, if relevant, are:

  • urban-rural;
  • metropolitan regions;
  • border regions;
  • islands regions;
  • sparsely populated regions;
  • outermost regions;
  • mountainous regions;
  • coastal regions;
  • regions in industrial transition.

The related Guidance Document provides background information regarding the development of these 9 regional typologies, guidance on how the regional typologies should be understood and used within P1 projects and some examples of good practice. The xls-file includes data and metadata for the nine typologies. Finally, links to Commission documents are given that describe one or more of the typologies.